Iterating field object in java

In Java, to iterating over the fields (variables) of a class, reflection can be used. Reflection allows you to inspect classes, interfaces, fields, and methods at runtime.

Example we have have entity which has various fields such as id, name, code, description.

package com.techbug.techbug.entity;
import jakarta.persistence.Column;
import jakarta.persistence.Entity;
import jakarta.persistence.FetchType;
import jakarta.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import jakarta.persistence.GenerationType;
import jakarta.persistence.Id;
import jakarta.persistence.JoinColumn;
import jakarta.persistence.ManyToOne;
import jakarta.persistence.Table;

public class Book{
@GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
@Column(name = "id", updatable = false, nullable = false)
private Long id;

@Column(name = "name", nullable = false)
private String name;

@Column(name = "code", nullable = false)
private String code;

@Column(name = "description", nullable = false)
private String description;

public Long getId() {
   return id;

public void setId(Long id) { = id;

public String getName() {
  return name;

public void setName(String name) { = name;

public String getCode() {
  return code;

public void setCode(String code) {
 this.code = code;

public String getDescription() {
 return description;

public void setDescription(String description) {
 this.description = description;

public Book(long id, String code, String name, String description) { =id;
this.code =code; = name;
this.description= description;

public Book() {}

public void readBookById(Long Id) throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException {
 log.debug("Method called to readBookById",Id);
 Optional<Book> book = bookRepository.findById(Id);
 Class<?> clazz = Book.class;
 Field[] fields = clazz.getDeclaredFields();
 for (Field field : fields) {
   Object value = field.get(book.get());
   System.out.println("Field name: " + field.getName());
   System.out.println("Field type: " + field.getType());
   System.out.println("Field value: " + value);


Field class from the java.lang.reflect package. This package contains classes and interfaces that provide access to the reflection functionality in Java. Here getDeclaredFields() retrieve all fields of Book class. Now upon Iterating field object we will be seeing all available fields along with data type and name.

Output of Above code:

Iterating field object

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